After rising 2.56% in July, the basic food basket inflation index fell by 1.88% in August in Brazil, according to a study by professors of the economics course at PUCPR (Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná).
The drop is the largest recorded in a year by the survey. The historical series began in September 2021.
Despite the truce, the basic basket still accumulated a high of 25.9% in 12 months through August – the advance was 30.01% until July.
This means a rise in prices far above Brazil’s official inflation, measured by the IPCA (National Broad Consumer Price Index). Until August, the indicator rose 8.73%, according to the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics).
The basic food basket study is based on inflation data for 13 foods that make up the IPCA. Nine retreated in August.
The drops were registered by tomato (-11.25%), potato (-10.07%), soybean oil (-5.56%), carioca beans (-5.39%), long-life milk (-1.78%), crystal sugar (-1.72%), beef sirloin (-1.29%), coffee (-0.50%) and rice (-0.42%).
The other four products in the basket continued to rise last month. Cassava flour (1.43%) had the highest increase, followed by silver banana (1.42%), French bread (1.12%) and margarine (1.08%).
A combination of factors generated relief for the basket in August, according to Jackson Bittencourt, coordinator of the economics course at PUCPR.
Part of food started a sequence of strong rises in the first semester, and the movement was expected to lose momentum, points out the professor.
According to him, better weather conditions are also beginning to benefit the production and supply of goods, while lower fuel prices reduce transport costs.
“We are coming out of the off-season, which has impacted products such as milk, and the climate has improved. We also see fuel prices falling. It is a disinflation process.”
This movement, however, does not mean that food is cheap, says Bittencourt. A sign of this is that, in the 12 months until August, milk accumulated a 60.81% surge, the highest in the basic basket.
Coffee (46.34%), silver banana (31.07%), potato (25.12%), margarine (24.19%) and carioca beans (22.67%) followed. The only declines in the accumulated were registered by tomatoes (-8.18%) and rice (-6.36%).
According to Bittencourt, the inflation of the basic food basket tends to have new signs of truce until the end of the year in the wake of better climatic conditions for production and lower fuel prices.
However, according to him, the expansion of Auxílio Brasil on the eve of the elections could increase the demand for food and generate the opposite effect, slowing down the disinflation process.
“It’s a look that needs to be done. With demand pressure, prices may take longer to decrease”, says the economist.
Beef and milk are the main products that the Auxílio Brasil public stopped buying and intended to consume again after the increase in transfers to R$ 600, indicated in August a survey by Asserj (Association of Supermarkets of the State of Rio de Janeiro). ).
Last month, the price of the basic food basket decreased in 16 of the 17 capitals covered by a survey by Dieese (Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies).
The most significant reductions occurred in Recife (-3%), Fortaleza (-2.26%), Belo Horizonte (-2.13%) and Brasília (-2.08%). The only increase, 0.27%, was verified in Belém.
Auxílio Brasil only buys basic food in 5 capitals
Even with the truce, only 5 of the 17 capitals analyzed by Dieese had a basic food basket below R$ 600, the value of Auxílio Brasil.
The five are in the Northeast: Recife (R$598.14), Natal (R$580.74), Salvador (R$576.93), João Pessoa (R$568.21) and Aracaju (R$539.57 ).
São Paulo had the most expensive food basket in August: R$ 749.78. Then came two southern capitals: Porto Alegre (R$ 748.06) and Florianópolis (R$ 746.21). Rio de Janeiro (R$ 717.82) was the other metropolis with a value above R$ 700.
When comparing the cost of the basket and the net minimum wage, after the 7.5% discount from Social Security, the worker paid by the national floor committed, on average, 58.54% of income to purchase food in August, he says. the Dieese.
The percentage was below the one verified in July (59.27%). A year earlier, in August 2021, the proportion was at 55.93%.