Lula criticizes BC, calls autonomy nonsense and sees exaggeration in current inflation target


President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) criticized this Wednesday (18) the performance of the Central Bank, questioning the current level of interest rates and classifying the autonomy of the monetary authority as “nonsense”. In addition, he considered the current inflation target to be pursued by the municipality to be exaggerated.

For Lula, the target of 3.25%, with a tolerance margin of 1.5 points up or down, obliges the BC to implement an economic squeeze by raising interest rates at a time when Brazil needs to grow.

Lula gave an interview to the GloboNews channel, aired this Wednesday afternoon (18). He criticized the BC when asked about changes in the Brazilian fiscal framework.

“In this country, they fought a lot to have an independent Central Bank, what would improve? I can tell you from my experience: it is silly to think that the president of an independent Central Bank will do more than the Central Bank did when the president [da República] was the one who recommended it”, stated Lula.

“I doubt that BC president [Roberto Campos Neto] be more independent than was the [Henrique] Meirelles. I doubt it. Why, with the BC independent, is inflation the way it is and interest rates are the way they are?”, he questioned.

Henrique Meirelles was president of the Central Bank during Lula’s first two terms, between 2003 and 2010.

However, the Brazilian Central Bank is not independent, but autonomous. In 2021, the National Congress approved the autonomy of the bank, a measure that seeks to reduce political interference in the institution. One of the main measures is that the president of the BC and his directors now have a fixed term of four years.

Independence would be a step further. It occurs when central banks have the power to define their goals and objectives themselves, in addition to having operational freedom to define how they will act to achieve them.

Lula then also criticized the current inflation target, arguing that the percentage ends up barring Brazilian economic growth.

“You set an inflation target of 3.7%. When you do that, you have to tighten the economy more to reach that 3.7%. Why did you need to do 3.7%? Why not 4.5%, like We did [nos mandatos anteriores]? The Brazilian economy needs to grow again,” said the president.

The inflation target is defined by the CMN (National Monetary Council), which has three voters. During the Bolsonaro government, the chairs were occupied by the Minister of Economy, the special secretary of Treasury and Budget of the portfolio and the president of the Central Bank.

As he had done previously, Lula used the results of his first two governments to state that he is not against fiscal responsibility and asked, based on that, for people not to demand this commitment from him. He also signaled that it is necessary to “make fiscal policy, guarantee that we will not spend more than we earn”.

However, he also stressed that it is necessary to comply with social obligations.

“Don’t ask me for fiscal seriousness. What I want is that people who ask for fiscal stability have social responsibility. starving people,” he said.

The president also stated that he wants to discuss with the productive sector, mentioning by name Fiesp, investments in the Armed Forces for the development of new technologies and the defense industry.

You May Also Like

Recommended for you

Immediate Peak