Varicose veins are a common aesthetic problem that concerns many women around the world. But what causes them, what can you do to prevent them and what are the treatment options available?

Also known as “phlebitis”, they are more common in women than men and there are several reasons why this happens, including:

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Hormonal changes: Women experience fluctuations in estrogen levels throughout their lives, which can weaken vein walls and make them more prone to damage.

The pregnancy: It is a contributing factor, as increased pressure in the veins can cause them to dilate.

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High Heels / Tight Clothing: They may restrict blood flow and increase the risk of developing varicose veins,” points out Mr. George Eleftheriou Vascular surgeon – Doctor of Medical School of the University of Athens, Director of Vascular Surgery at Metropolitan Hospital & Associate in Diagnostic Centers HealthSpot Kifissia.

What causes varicose veins?

In addition to the above factors (hormonal changes, pregnancy, habits), other factors that favor/cause the appearance of varicose veins are: genetic predisposition, aging and lifestyle factors such as prolonged standing, constant exposure to heat, sedentary work -Zoe.


Although they cannot be completely prevented, there are several things you can do to reduce your risk of developing varicose veins:

1. Exercise regularly to improve blood circulation.
2. Maintain a healthy weight.
3. Avoid standing or sitting for long periods of time.
4. Wear compression socks.
5. Elevate your legs when sitting or lying down.
6. Avoid crossing your legs.
7. Avoid anything that increases the temperature in your feet (hot baths, prolonged exposure to the sun, heaters, etc.).

Treatment options

If you are unhappy with the appearance of your veins, there are many treatment options available. These include:

1. Sclerotherapy: This is a minimally invasive procedure in which a solution is injected into the affected veins, causing them to gradually disappear over a reasonable period of time.
2. Laser treatment: A non-invasive treatment in which a laser is used to target and destroy the affected veins.
3. Radiofrequency ablation: A minimally invasive treatment, in which radio frequency energy is used for thermocoagulation of unsightly veins.


“Varicose veins are a common problem for many women, especially after pregnancy(s). Although they are usually only a cosmetic problem, they can be a sign of underlying health problems and cause severe symptoms, so it is important to have them evaluated by a qualified vascular surgeon.

If you are concerned about such a problem, remember that you have at your disposal all these treatment options described above and, by choosing one with the help of your doctor, you can solve it by regaining your self-confidence and a smoother and more beautiful skin » concludes Mr. Eleftheriou.