On this day – 1863: With the Treaty of London, England cedes the Ionian Islands to Greece

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On this day – 1863: With the Treaty of London, England cedes the Ionian Islands to Greece

In 1922 the BBC broadcasts its first radio program while in 1929 Great Britain rejects a Cypriot request for union with Greece.

Today, November 14, 2022

1832: The first horse-powered bus hits the streets of New York.

1851: The American author, Herman Melville, publishes in the USA his novel “Moby Dick”, one of the masterpieces of world literature.

1863: With the Treaty of London, England cedes the Ionian Islands to Greece.

1896: Torrential rain causes severe flooding in Athens and Piraeus with great destruction. 61 people lost their lives, while 450 houses collapsed.

1899: American reporter Nellie Bly (real name Elizabeth Jane Cochran) begins her quest to outdo Jules Verne’s hero Phileas Fogg and circumnavigate the world in 72 days, 6 hours and 11 minutes.

1909: In Greece, with a strong indictment, the “Military League” asks the government to liquidate the public services and dismiss all ambassadors as incompetent.

1910: The first takeoff in aviation history takes place. Pioneering American aviator Eugene Ely lifts an airplane from the deck of the cruiser Birmingham.

1912: The Oinousses are freed from the Turkish yoke.

1918: Czechoslovakia is declared a republic. Thomas Mazarik is elected president.

1920: Armenians evacuate their capital, after the Turkish invasion.

1922: The BBC broadcasts its first radio programme.

1926: The Hellenic Football Federation (EPO) is founded.

1929: Great Britain rejects the Cypriots’ request for union with Greece.

1935: The Philippines gains its independence from the US. Franklin Roosevelt declares them a free commonwealth. Manuel Luis Quezon is sworn in as the first president.

1940: The Italian Fleet crashes in the harbor of Taranto. Fascist convoy is annihilated in the Straits of Otranto.

1957: A meeting of 108 Mafia leaders at a villa in Appalachian, New York ends in fiasco after the police storm in and arrest at least 60 mobsters. The incident, which will go down in history as “The Apalachin Meeting”, confirms the existence of a centrally directed crime syndicate in North America.

1960: OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) is founded.

1961: Manos Katrakis is awarded the first prize of the critics of Agios Franciscus, for the role of Creon in “Antigone”.

1970: The institutional law on the organization and action of Greek parties is published by the Junta.

1973: General student assemblies begin at the Polytechnic. In the courtyard, hundreds of students shout anti-dictatorship slogans. Police surround the building. The students who participated in the all-student gathering in Law transfer to the Polytechnic. In the evening, the first Coordination Committee is formed and the occupation is organized.

1989: Manos Hadjidakis founds the “Orchestra of Colors”, an elite musical ensemble, which will present original programs. The first concert will be given on November 23, 1989 at the “Pallas” theater. In 1994 the Orchestra will be re-founded.

1993: The great “gunner” of Greek football and leading scorer of all time in Greece, Thomas Mavros, officially says “goodbye” to the pitches, in the friendly match between AEK and Greece.

1993: Puerto Ricans refuse to allow their country to become the 51st US state in a referendum.

2001: The Argentina-Uruguay 2002 World Cup qualifier is Diego Armando Maradona’s last, with the number 10 retired in his honour.

2002: Iraq unconditionally accepts the UN resolution to return inspectors to its territory, to check the arsenal and to disarm it.

2006: South African Parliament legalizes same-sex marriage.

2008: An Indian spacecraft lands on the Moon, the first since the Asian country’s space program began 45 years earlier.

2020: About 468,000 people are to be evacuated from Vietnam ahead of Typhoon Vamco, which has already killed 53 people in the Philippines. Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc warns the people of the seriousness of the situation.

2020: Thousands of supporters of President Donald Trump protest the results of the 2020 presidential election in Washington.

Born on this day:

1840 – Claude Monet, French painter

1908 – Joseph McCarthy, American politician

1922 – Boutros Boutros – Ghali, Egyptian politician and diplomat

1935 – Lefteris Papadopoulos, Greek lyricist and journalist

1948 – Charles, Prince of Wales

1949 – Vangelis Germanos, Greek songwriter

1952 – Dimitra Galani, Greek singer

1954 – Yannis Chrysomallis (known as Yanni), Greek pianist, composer and producer

1954 – Condoleezza Rice, American political presenter

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