Works of art expressing the need to return to Greece the Parthenon sculptures and all the ancient Greek treasures that adorn museums around the world, the sculptor from Crete, Manolis Harkoutsis, has been creating for years.

Recently, in fact, he fancied in Spainand specifically in Fuerteventura of the Canary Islands, a metal sculpture, five meters high, which will be erected in a public space.

Title of the project is “The wind of return(Viento de regress in Spanish). The form of the sculpture refers to an ancient Ionic style column, with a capital that unfolds and spreads, “as the arts, which were born in Greece, spread all over the world” points out Manolis Harkoutsis.

According to Mr. Harkoutsis, “Greek architecture influences architects around the world, from the depths of the centuries until today. The British Museum itself is supported and at the same time adorned by Ionic style columns. Combined with its metope, the whole building reminds us of an ancient Greek temple. We see buildings influenced by ancient Greek architecture all over the Western world, even in the White House” added Manolis Harkoutsis, pointing out at the same time that “so let them continue to utilize the intangible cultural heritage of our country and let them return the works that our ancestors, Greek sculptors, made art. particularly let the British restore justice, i.e. return, forever, the sculptures of the Parthenon, to where they belong, in Greece».

protest sculptures

The sculptor Manolis Harkoutsis lives and works in the settlement of Venerato, a few kilometers from Heraklion. The main issues that preoccupy him concern archaeological treasures and nature. Characteristic of his work is that sets up representations of archaeological sites in public and private spaces. “They are protest sculptures”, as he says, “for the violent removal of ancient works of art from our country, for antiquities, but also for the need to protect the archaeological sites of Greece”.

In 2006 he created a sculptural installation entitled “Course“, which refers to the ruins of a temple. The work is of ashlar and the representation is so convincing that it leaves many visitors confused as to whether it is a modern work of art or a temple that has almost been destroyed.


One of his most characteristic works is entitled “Return” which he created in 2011. It represents an Ionic style marble column and capital, which, however, gives the impression of falling. From then on, he creates forms that refer to unfurling capitals.

“I make Ionic columns and capitals, which are unrolled like papyri. Thus, I attempt to show the spread of Greek culture throughout the world and in an abstract sense, that the sculptures must return to where they belong, in Greece. With the return of the sculptures, i.e. with the restoration of justice, the unwrapped form will return to its place, so that harmony can come”, said Mr. Harkoutsis to APE-MPE.

This is exactly the characteristic of the work he created in October in Spain, as part of an international sculpture symposium. At the same time, the work also depicts the strong winds that blow in Fuerteventura. After all, the word Fuerteventura means strong wind. This is how he connects the Greek with the Spanish element.

Manolis Harkoutsis intends to visit other parts of Greece and abroad, to set up in squares Ionic style columns and capitals that unfold, sculptures that will “shout” for the return of antiquities to Greece.


His works are mainly in marble and metal, small as well as large for public spaces.

As he pointed out, “contemporary Greek sculptors and the entire artistic world, I think we can deal more, through our art, with the permanent return of antiquities to our country. Let’s all take a clear position for the restoration of justice. It is unfair that sculptures created by our ancestors, the ancient Greeks, have been violently severed from their main bodies and adorn museums around the world, with the Parthenon sculptures number one.”

Concluding, the sculptor from Crete noted that “the Western world invokes the Republic, which was actually born in Greece, the times in which the ancient sculptures were created, which were forcibly taken from our country. So in the name of the Republic, these sculptures must be returned to their natural places”.