The first meeting on the implementation of the European plan for Serbia and Kosovo failed last Tuesday night in Brussels.

Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic and Kosovo Prime Minister Albin Kurti have not agreed on the main issue: the formation of the Union of Serbian Municipalities (UNM). The debate was moderated by the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Josep Borrell, and the mediator for Kosovo, Miroslav Lajčak.

Albin Kurti rejected the draft statute of the Union of Serbian Municipalities presented by the Serbian side, which provided for the full implementation of the agreement reached in 2013.

Mr. Kurti invoked a constitutional impediment and presented his own version of the statute, which does not take into account the commitments made by Kosovo a decade ago, but is based on the intergovernmental agreement between Serbia and Croatia on the protection of minorities.

Aleksandar Vucic, after the meeting, said he was worried about the future of the dialogue.

“I am very worried, because on the main issue, the formation of the ESA, it has now become clear that Pristina does not want to fulfill its obligations. We hit a wall,” Mr. Vucic told Serbian journalists. The president of Serbia expressed his intention to contribute to the maintenance of peace and stability in the region, but added that he is determined to insist on the implementation of everything agreed on the establishment of the Union of Serbian Municipalities.

An encouraging element of yesterday’s meeting in Brussels is, however, the agreement reached for the missing persons of war.

The two sides pledged to exchange information and documents – even those classified as secret – to ascertain the fate of all those missing from the war.

“Finding and identifying the 1,621 people who have been missing since the conflict is important in order to give families a chance to come to terms with the fate of their loved ones. It was always a priority in the dialogue and it was by no means easy to reach an agreement,” underlined EU High Representative Borrell in a statement.