An Israeli intelligence dossier that led many countries to stop funding the UN agency for Palestinian refugees includes allegations that some of the agency’s personnel took part in kidnappings and killings during the October 7 raid that sparked the Gaza war.

In the six-page fileseen by Reuters, it is claimed that somewhere 190 UNRWA staff, including teachers, also had a secondary role as Hamas or Islamic Jihad fighters. Includes names and photos for 11 of them.

The Palestinians have accused Israel of falsifying informationn in order to tarnish the reputation of UNRWA, which says it has dismissed some staff and is investigating the allegations.

One of the 11 is a school counselor who is accused in the Israeli file of providing unspecified assistance to his son in the kidnapping of a woman during the Hamas raid in which Israel says 1,200 people were killed and 253 abducted.

Another, a UNRWA social worker, is accused of unspecified involvement in the transfer to Gaza of the body of a slain Israeli soldierh and for coordinating the movements of semi-trucks used by the raiders and for weapons supplies.

A third Palestinian named in the file is accused of taking part in violence in the Israeli border village of Beeri, where a tenth of its residents were killed. A fourth is accused of participating in an attack on Reims, a military base and the site of a rave party that killed 360 spectators.

The file was shown to Reuters by a source who cannot be named or state his nationality. The source said it was completed by Israeli intelligence and shared with the United States, which on Friday suspended UNRWA funding.

The allegations that 190 staff members had militant links would represent almost 15% of UNRWA’s total of 13,000 staff in Gaza.

In response to a question about the file, A UNRWA spokesman said he could not comment due to the ongoing investigation by the United Nations.

At least ten countries, including the United States and Germany, have suspended funding for the service.

The aid operation is in jeopardy

That’s a huge problem for an agency that more than half of Gaza’s 2.3 million Palestinians turn to for aid every day, and which was already struggling with Israel’s war against Hamas in the enclave.

UNRWA said today that it will not be able to continue operations in Gaza and across the region after the end of February unless funding is restored.

The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East was created for the refugees of the 1948 war upon the establishment of Israel in then British Mandate Palestine. It also cares for millions of descendants of the original refugees in the Palestinian Territories and abroad. UNRWA employs 13,000 people in Gaza.

Israel has long accused UNRWA of perpetuating the conflict by discouraging refugee resettlement and has at times said that agency personnel have taken part in armed attacks against it.

UNRWA denies doing anything wrong, saying its role is only to provide aid.

“From intelligence information, documents and IDs seized during the hostilities, it is now possible to note approximately 190 Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad terrorist operatives serving as UNRWA employees,” the document, written in Hebrew, states.

It accuses Hamas of “methodically and deliberately developing its terrorist infrastructure across a wide range of UN facilities and assets,” including schools. Hamas denies this.

Two of the alleged Hamas operatives named in the dossier are described as “liquidated” or killed by Israeli forces. A 12th Palestinian whose name and photo is provided is said to be non-affiliated and to have infiltrated Israel on 7 October.

The list of 12 men also includes an UNRWA teacher accused of being armed with an anti-tank rocket, another teacher accused of filming a hostage and the manager of a shop at an UNRWA school accused of opening a war room for Islamic Jihad.

More than 26,000 people have been killed during Israel’s military campaign against Hamas in Gaza, the enclave’s health ministry said. With the flow of aid such as food and medicine trickling down from pre-conflict levels, deaths from preventable diseases and the risk of famine are rising, aid workers say.

Most Gazans are now more dependent on UNRWA aid, including a million who have fled Israeli bombardment to take refuge in its facilities.

“Terrorist organizations are cynically exploiting the residents of the Strip and the international organizations whose mission it is to provide aid… and in doing so they are causing de facto harm to the residents,” the dossier states.

At the weekend, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres pledged that any staff involved in “heinous” acts would be held accountable, but called for continued funding for UNRWA on humanitarian grounds.

“The tens of thousands of men and women who work for UNRWA, many in some of the most dangerous situations for aid workers, should not be punished,” he said. “The immediate needs of the desperate populations they serve must be met.”