Vaivém: Brazil and USA have records in agro, but Brazilians stand out more


Brazil and the United States are taking advantage of the good moment of the international commodity market and reach record levels in exports of agricultural products.

Brazilians, however, gain important space in relation to North Americans. Five years ago, Brazilian revenues from foreign sales in this sector represented 68% of those of North Americans. This year, they are already at 76%.

In the last 12 months ending in September, the United States posted a record $196.4 billion. In the same period, Brazil obtained US$ 149.1 billion.

These record revenues are being achieved with lower export volumes, offset by the acceleration of international prices this year.

Climatic effects, which cause production reduction, and geopolitical disputes have supported prices.

Brazil has been experiencing a noticeable improvement in the foreign market for several years. It has increased domestic production and has the products desired by the international market.

The US, on the other hand, has had a greater presence in the last two years, after Donald Trump’s departure from the presidency. The former president’s quarrelsome style has reduced the presence of US products in several important markets, including China.

Revenues from Brazilian exports increased 28% in 12 months, in relation to the same immediately previous period. The Americans were up 14%.

Brazil was stronger than the United States in all the main economic blocs. In Asia, while North Americans achieved a 12% increase in revenues from January to September, Brazilians achieved 27% more.

In the European Union, another important market for both countries, Brazil reached US$ 21.3 billion this year, 43% more than in the same previous period. The United States increased sales by 23%.

In the Middle East, Africa and Central America, the differences were even greater. Brazilian exports to Middle Eastern countries, including food and other agribusiness items, reached US$ 9.4 billion up to September, 71% more. Those of North Americans increased 21%.

Brazil managed to expand its presence even in North America, expanding exports by 22% to the region this year. The United States increased sales to its neighbors Canada and Mexico by 15%.

The greater Brazilian participation in the region is largely due to the United States, which increased purchases in Brazil. Data from the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) indicate that spending on coffee rose 71% this year.

In the same period, North Americans increased their purchases of Brazilian beef by 64%; in 85% those with tobacco; in 185% those with milk derivatives; and in 180% those with tea.

Soy remains the main item in the agribusiness balance of both countries. Until September, the oilseed generated US$ 41.8 billion for Brazilians and US$ 33.3 billion for North Americans.

Agricultural machinery Despite the increase in production costs, the producer’s income still allows him to make new investments. In September, 6,247 agricultural machines were purchased, 20% more than in the same month of 2021.

agricultural machines 2 The data are from Anfavea, which also shows that from January to September sales totaled 49,040 units, 23% more than in the same period in 2021. Exports reached 7,542 units in the year, with an increase of 9, 4%.

Rice Off season and higher exports raised the price of a bag of cereal to R$ 81.28 in Rio Grande do Sul this Tuesday (8). According to Cepea (Center for Advanced Studies in Applied Economics), the accumulated high is 1.4% this month.

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