How to enjoy your holidays safely


Summer means sun, so regular sun protection will prevent sunburn and make the most of your vacation

Let’s see the guide, for safe vacations compiled by the member of the Scientific Committee of the ISA and the Region of Attica, Charilaos K. Koutis, MD, MPH, MSc, PhD, Medical Epidemiologist, Om. Professor of Hygienic Epidemiology & Public Health at the University of Western Attica.

Travel Planning

  • Public transport
  • Tickets travel time, personal protective equipment masks hats gloves disinfectants
  • Your car Check your car before the holidays. Strictly adheres to safe driving rules
  • Stop every 100 kilometers in an organized parking lot


Water – Food

  • Avoid drinking unregulated tap water and ice
  • Ask for your drink without ice. Do not drink soft drinks
  • Consume only boiled, peeled or well-washed vegetables and fruits
  • Drink bottled water if it is not safe from the mains
  • Meat and fish should be very well cooked
  • Avoid food and drink from street vendors or places where basic hygiene rules are not followed
  • Avoid serving from buffets where protective covers and cooling media are not used
  • Prefer food packaged with a label
  • Avoid consuming unpasteurized milk and dairy products
  • Avoid eating cold sauces that are not refrigerated
  • Don’t forget vulnerable people on vacation
  • Don’t forget to wash your hands well with soap
  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially children and vulnerable people)
  • Do not leave your dog alone in the car
  • food poisoning
  • The use of antidiarrheals is prohibited in children younger than 2 years. Children and the elderly get dehydrated very quickly from diarrhea


  • Avoid sun exposure during midday hours (12-4pm)
  • Do not expose yourself to the sun without sunscreen (with SPF >20), even when swimming
  • Everyone wear sunglasses and a hat
  • In prolonged exposure, wear long, light-colored, cotton clothing
  • Attention to small children and vulnerable people during their stay at sea


  • The rapid rise in altitude can be accompanied by a feeling of easy fatigue, headache, nausea, insomnia and irritability, at an altitude above 2,500 meters.
  • Blood clots in the veins of the legs can occur on any trip longer than 10 hours. Walk to the stops, drink plenty of fluids, wear special elastic socks.

Sexual behavior

  • Avoid multiple sexual partners
  • Avoid sexual contact with strangers
  • Always wear a condom during sex


Children are very sensitive to changes in ambient temperature and solar radiation, and in unfamiliar surroundings. Protect children from the sun with special sunscreens. Wear them a hat. Light colored cotton clothing.

  • Do not dive alone.
  • Do not lie on the sand or dirt without a towel. Wear closed shoes when walking on wet soil or mud.
  • Wear beach shoes
  • Watch out for jellyfish.
  • Relax and ask for help if you get leg cramps in the sea
  • Do not swim on unfamiliar beaches alone

Insects – pests – animals

Do not pet unfamiliar animals. If you are bitten by an animal, disinfect the wound and seek medical attention.
All insect bites cause a local allergic reaction.

  • Dress appropriately, with long pants and closed-toe shoes, when walking in woods or tall grass.
  • Use insect repellents that contain DEET.
  • Shake clothes and shoes well before putting them on and sheets before lying down.

If you are bitten by an insect:

  • Disinfect the wound with an antiseptic.
  • Seek medical attention if you experience swelling or difficulty breathing, or if you are bitten by a tropical scorpion or spider.

Ticks attach to clothing or skin when walking in mostly forested areas. Flies can transmit germs.

Portable pharmacy

What it should contain:

  • Plain dressing 2.5 x 5 cm and 2.5 x 10 cm, non-sterile
  • Cotton, Gauze, Triangular bandage Hemostatic pressure bandage, Alcohol. Oxygen antiseptic solution
  • Tincture of iodine Antiseptic mercurochrome solution
  • Ammonia solution, Analgesic anti-inflammatory tablets and Analgesic anti-inflammatory ointment
  • Antacids, antidiarrheals, tablets, Antipyretics
  • Food Poisoning Tablets, Antihistamine Tablets and Ointment, Antimicrobial Eye Drops
  • Cortisone ointment for topical application, Sunscreen cream
  • Cream for healing skin burns
  • Anti-nausea tablets and laxatives
  • Electrolytes in powder, Normal serum
  • Sterile gauzes Self-adhesive gauzes
  • White plasterer Common scissors, tongs, safety guards
  • Ice pack Hemostatic hose Syringes of 2.5 and 5 ml. Thermometer, Adequacy of medicines for vulnerable people (especially if you go to islands or mountainous areas)
  • Useful telephone numbers in the area (Police, Health Center, Hospital, Pharmacies, Municipality, Medical Association, etc.).

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