Japan has passed laws redefining rape and raising the age of consent in a major overhaul of sex crime laws.

The definition of rape was expanded to “non-consensual sexual intercourse” from “forced sexual intercourse” before, aligning the definition of Japanese law with other countries.

The legal age of consent, previously just 13, now increased to 16 years.

The new laws were passed by Japan’s upper house and parliament on Friday. They specifically outline eight scenarios where it is difficult for a victim to “form, express or fulfill an intention not to consent” to intercourse.

These include situations where the victim is drunk or under the influence of drugs or subject to violence or threats; or is “frightened or startled”. Another scenario seems to describe an abuse of power, where the victim is “worried” about the consequences of refusal.

The new legislation also bans “photographic voyeurism” which includes, among other things, secretly filming sexual acts.

This is only the first time Japan has changed its age of consent since it was enacted in 1907.