The new European Union effort-sharing regulation aimed at reducing emissions of gases that cause the phenomenon of greenhouselowers the maximum limit for greenhouse gas emissions in Member States from transport, buildings and agriculture by 2030.

The European Parliament approved today with 486 votes in favor, 132 against and 10 abstentions the revision of the “effort sharing” regulation. The regulation in its current form covers approximately 60% of the total gas emissions of her greenhouse EU and sets binding emission reduction targets for each member state for road transport, building heating, agriculture, small industrial installations and waste management.

After the vote, rapporteur Jessica Polfjard (EPP, Sweden) said that “with this regulation we come one step closer to achieving the EU’s climate goals. The new rules on national emission cuts ensure that all Member States contribute to the efforts and that they close any loopholes that existed in the existing legislation. In this way, we send a clear message that the EU is making every effort to defend and promote globally a competitive and effective agenda for climate».

The revision of the regulation sets new targets to reduce emissions by 40% (up from 30% before) compared to 2005 levels. For the first time all EU countries will have to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and the targets reduction for each of them will range between 10 and 50%. National targets for 2030 will be based on GDP per capita and cost-effectiveness. Member States should also ensure that they do not exceed their annual greenhouse gas allowances.

Flexibility and transparency

The new regulation ensures that EU countries have the necessary flexibility to achieve their goals, while ensuring an equitable and socially just transition. It also ensures that loopholes in the law are filled in order to meet the EU’s overall emissions reduction target. To this end, the regulation sets a cap on the amount of emissions that member states can save from previous years or borrow from the following years, as well as in the trading of credits between them.

In addition, at the request of the European Parliament to strengthen the control of the Member States, the European Commission will publish information about the actions taken by each country, to which citizens will have easy access.

Next steps

The text of the regulation will now have to be formally adopted by the Council. It will then be published in the Official Journal of the EU and enter into force 20 days later.