At the 27th conference on climate change, COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, editors of 231 health journals in Africa presented a report on the subject, also published in the latest issue of the medical journal Jama, edited by the American Medical Association.
Lukoye Atwoli and collaborators highlight the urgent need for measures to contain the climate crisis and solutions to its devastating effects.
They state that risks related to climate change include floods, droughts, heat waves, reduced food production and reduced people’s ability to work.
Citing a report by the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), they explain that malnutrition in the world has increased by almost 50% since 2012, in addition to environmental shocks with serious damage to mental health.
In the journal Nature, Colin J. Carlson and collaborators calculate that a possible global change in all environments will facilitate the emergence of previously non-existent diseases in limited areas or the exacerbation of existing ones.
In places with high population density, virus transmission will possibly be easily dispersed and may cause disease outbreaks.
This transition, as has also been observed in Brazil, may already be underway, hence the need for preventive measures and vigilance in regions that are experiencing rapid warming.